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Scottish Larch Cladding

Scotlarch®

Russwood’s Scottish Larch (Scotlarch®) is locally sourced timber which provides a durable, natural and cost-effective cladding solution. As the construction sector becomes increasingly focused on combining energy efficiency and sustainability with the need to cut costs, Scotlarch® is the timber of choice for many project types.

Appearance

Russwood only supply cladding using selected heartwood of Scotlarch®, with boards encompassing a warm mix of colours; from pale orange / brown through to reddish brown shades. In ideal conditions, this species weathers to a muted shade of silver / grey which is desirable in many cladding projects. There are frequent knots in Scotlarch® boards, which demonstrate the natural origins of the product and give it a characterful look.

Summary

  • Locally sourced product
  • Innate durability
  • Natural look
  • Weathers to a muted grey tone
  • Most of our Scotlarch® originates within 100 miles of our Highland sawmill. In addition to the sustainability benefits this affords, Russwood’s Scotlarch® is FSC®-certified, meaning that it is sourced from well-managed forests.
Species
Scottish Larch
Origin
Scotland
Density* Kg/m3 at 18% moisture content unless otherwise stated
556 - Medium
Stability
Good
Durability Class* 1 is 'Very Durable' > 5 = 'Not Durable'
3
Knots
Many
Suitability for Factory Coating
ModerateSawn-Face recommended
Environmental Certifications
FSC®
Modified Timber
No
Lengths (m)
Up to 4.8m
Stock Sawn Widths (mm)
150mm

Grades and Specification

We sort and re-grade every Scottish Larch board that we produce, in order to ensure that our in-house grading criteria are met.

Heartwood of Scottish Larch: Russwood Scotlarch®

  • Graded to BS1186-3 Part 4 Class 3; boards contain tight live knots with a maximum diameter of 50mm
  • Sapwood free on all exposed faces
  • Some resin pockets may be present
  • Air-dried to moisture content of approximately 16-18% (+/- 2%)
  • Lengths up to 4.8m
  • FSC-certified product sourced from sustainable forests in Scotland

NBS Specification

For advice on completing the NBS H21 for Scotlarch® please get in touch with our project team.

Durability

Scotlarch® is a naturally durable timber and, for external cladding purposes, is classed as “moderately durable” (class 3 according to BS EN 350-2). This is due to the tannins in the wood which create a resistance to decay.

With correct detailing (i.e. no sapwood on exposed faces) and appropriate fixings, Scotlarch® cladding should have a lifespan potential of at least 50-100 years.

The way a façade is fixed and detailed can have a major effect on its lifespan. Our range of fixings and systems are designed by Austrian Timber Engineers to make cladding look better and last longer.

Stability

Russwood’s Scotlarch® is carefully air-dried to approximately 16 – 18% (+/- 2%), the optimal moisture content for external larch cladding. The benefit of air drying this product, as opposed to kiln drying Scotlarch®, is that the timber is not subjected to the stresses of kiln drying, and therefore achieves optimum stability.

Once the Scotlarch® is air-dried, this enables machining of the product to achieve a superior finish. It is then ensured that the optimal moisture level is retained until delivery to site. The cladding can then be installed immediately upon delivery.

Density

Due to its high percentage of heartwood and minimum of sapwood (all exposed faces will be sapwood free) Scotlarch® is a medium density timber, classified by BS EN 350-2 as approximately 556 Kg/m3 at a moisture content of approximately 18%. As such, it boasts excellent impact strength and therefore is ideal for highly exposed elevations, or applications where there is the likelihood of physical damage such as knocks or scrapes (e.g. schools, supermarkets, visitor centres).

Size

Scotlarch® is available in varying lengths up to 4.8m, sawn widths from 47mm to 150mm, and sawn thicknesses of 22, 30, 35 and 50mm. Please note that cladding is supplied as a linear meterage based on random stock lengths at time of picking order. Other sizes may be available on request.

Surface Finishes

We can produce Scotlarch® in three different surface finishes to suit your specific project requirements and vision;

  • Wire Brushing – To create this effect, wire brushes are used to pull out the softer spring wood, exposing the harder summer wood, thus accentuating the grain and creating a beautifully textured surface.
  • Skimming – To avoid an unsightly surface finish, we skim the face of each board to provide a clean, unblemished fine-sawn finish.
  • Planed – Boards are run through our planing mill to create a smooth, dressed finish.

Coatings

Scotlarch® is suitable for factory coating in SiOO:X, a breakthrough silicon technology, to provide a genuine silver lustre. In effect, SiOO:X creates a weathered appearance at an accelerated rate. Following application, all areas, regardless of protection and exposure, take on a consistent tone which provides a solution to differential weathering. For further information about SiOO:X click here.

Fixings

How timber is fixed is fundamental to it’s long term performance in terms of both appearance and durability. We offer a range of fixings and systems to make cladding look better and last longer. These systems can be written into the NBS H21 specification.

Virtual Samples

Click on the 3D icon to view virtual cladding samples. Tilt and zoom in on the sample to view the texture, grain and colour of the boards and use the highlight feature to see how light and shade affect the aesthetic.

Profile Options

Scotlarch® can be produced in the following profiles.

Sizes are subject to change in response to changes in moisture levels. Cladding will be air-dried to approx. 16-18% prior to machining, but may vary between production and installation on site. Cladding will be dispatched at given sizes, but a margin of error should be used when producing cladding layout drawings for expansion and contraction in the timber.

Enhanced dimensional stability and reduction in on-site wastage can be achieved by using 140mm wide sections.

RW014

Standard widths: 68mm / 140mm
Standard thickness: 25mm

View profile

Surface Finish Options

We can produce Scotlarch® in three different surface finishes to suit your specific project requirements and vision.

Planed

Planed boards are run through our planing mill to create a smooth, dressed finish.
Learn more

Skimmed

Skimming the face of each board provides a clean, unblemished fine-sawn finish.
Learn more

Wire Brushing

Wire brushing accentuates the grain and creates a beautifully textured surface.
Learn more

Coated Options

Scotlarch® is suitable for factory coating in SiOO:X which creates a weathered appearance at an accelerated rate. Scotlarch® can also be treated with a Fire Retardant coating.

SiOO:X

A consistently weathered appearance at an accelerated rate, available in orginal and pigmented versions.
Learn more

Recommended Fixings

How timber is fixed is fundamental to its long-term performance in terms of both appearance and durability. These are the recommended fixings for use with Scotlarch®.

L-GoFix® A2 Screws

Face Fix

Cladding screw for effective fixing and neat detailing.

Learn more

Russwood Battening System

Substructure

Environmentally friendly, engineer-assessed, method of fixing timber cladding.

Learn more

KompeFix®

Face Fix

Compensation strip designed to prevent direct contact between timber elements.

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FassadenClip®

Secret Fix

An innovative secret-fix solution for open rainscreen cladding.

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L-BohrFix® A4 Screws

Face Fix

A highly corrosion resistant screw for special applications.

Learn more